The nutritional requirements of every individual varies with age and health conditions . No single meal plan can fit one and all. However, it is important to keep a check on normal growth and development so that one can be physically active and healthy through various ages. Hence regular monitoring of the height and weight can help detect early health challenges.
You can start immediately by creating and maintaining a growth chart to do this. If you do not know how to create one, AskNestlé is here to put your mind at ease and provide you with all the information that you need. Here is a quick guide on growth charts – what they mean, why you should maintain them, how often to measure and more.
A child’s growth chart enables you and your doctor to monitor your child’s growth and wellbeing. When you maintain a growth chart, you learn how well your child is growing in comparison to other children of the same age or gender. This growth chart also acts as a piece of information for your doctor to check for any variations from the ideal references. However, the chart is different for boys and girls as their growth patterns are different too.
For adults (above 18 years) , body weight for a given height of person with good health and long lifespan is considered as Ideal body weight. A much simpler and more acceptable measure is the ratio of weight and height, which estimates total body mass and correlates highly with the % of body fat. The most commonly used ratio is the BMI. It is computed by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters.
Reference growth charts used are:
2 to 5 year old: WHO growth charts for both height and weight
5 to 18 year old: IAP growth chart for both height and weight
Above 18 years: the BMI (Height to weight ratio) is based on Indian consensus statement for Asian Indians, API, 2009, published in Clinical Dietetics Manual , 2nd edition, IDA, 2018.