Know Your Baby’s Growth Milestones During the First 6 Months

First 6 months: Watch out for these growth milestones in your baby

Nothing gives a mother more joy than watching her baby grow up to become healthy and happy. And the first 6 months are crucial in your child’s life, when it comes to mental, physical, emotional and social development. So, it is important to check if your little one is reaching all the essential milestones at the right time. This article explores the different growth-related aspects of a baby till he or she becomes 6 months of age. It will help you to consult a paediatrician at the right time as well, in case you feel your child is lagging behind.

Reaching milestones

A baby’s growth milestones essentially indicate the various developmental stages he or she is passing through. You should also know that milestones are achieved at 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months of age.

However, every child’s growth chart is unique. Some children reach their milestones way before others. And for some, the pace of reaching these milestones may not be consistent at every age. Keeping this in mind, some of the activities that you can generally observe in a baby up to the age of 6 months are mentioned below:

From birth till 2 months of age:

Physical development

  • Your baby will be unable to support his head by himself till 1 month of age.
  • He will sleep for 20 hours each day till he is 1-month old.
  • When your baby is around 2 months of age, he will be able to hold his head by himself.
  • At 2 months of age, he will start to push while he sleeps on his stomach.
  • The baby will start moving his hands and legs in an easy manner.

Mental or cognitive development

  • Your child will start looking at faces attentively.
  • He will acknowledge you when he sees you at a distance.
  • The baby will keep staring at moving objects and in the direction they move.
  • When he gets bored during an activity, your baby will start crying.

Social or emotional development

  • When your baby will hear your voice, he will start smiling.
  • He will get his hands in his mouth to calm himself.

Communication or language development

  • The baby will start making cooing or purring sounds.
  • He will be able to turn in the direction of a sound.

By the age of 4 months

Physical development

  • Your baby will be able to keep his head steady.
  • He will be responding to colours, visuals and sounds.
  • Your child will be able to control eye movements.
  • When your baby is sleeping on your stomach, he will be able to lift his head.
  • He may be able to roll on to his back, from lying on his tummy.
  • Your baby will be able to hold a toy in his hands and shake it.

Mental or cognitive development

  • Your child will start expressing himself according to his mood.
  • He will be able to do two movements at once, like seeing and reaching for toys, using his hands and eyes.
  • He will watch faces very attentively.
  • Your baby will respond to affection.

Social or emotional development

  • He might impulsively smile or even laugh.
  • If no one plays with him, your baby might start crying.
  • He will start to imitate certain actions like smile, frown, etc.

Communication or language development

  • Your baby will cry when he is angry, hungry or tired.
  • He will babble with expressions.
  • He will start speaking vowels.

By the age of 6 months

Physical development

  • Your child will be able to roll over from front to back, and vice versa.
  • He will be able to support himself independently and sit with a rounded back.
  • The baby will be able to stand, support his weight with his legs, and might start bouncing.
  • He will push backward and then move forward.

Mental development

  • Your baby will start searching for things around him.
  • His curiosity will increase and he will start reaching out for things.
  • He will be able to pass things from one hand to another with ease.

Social or emotional development

  • The baby will be able to identify a stranger.
  • His activities will increase and he will love playing with his parents and other babies.
  • He will be able to grasp things with his palms too.
  • Your baby will be able to respond to your emotions.
  • He will love being cuddled.

Communication or language development

  • A 6 month old baby's communication milestone is a very prominent one. He will be able to identify his name when you call, and respond to it.
  • Your baby will be able to put vowels together like ah, oh, eh, and similar sounds.
  • He will start using consonants like m, b, etc.
  • Your baby will display emotions by making certain sounds.